The CROATs experienced the proposal of the commission for demarcation, that Subotica be in Vojvodina, that is, in Serbia, as a “hot slap”, because they had high hopes for the northwestern belt of Bačka. They were somewhat comforted by Đilas’ proposal.
If the town of Baja with its surroundings, where many Croats live, is obtained in the demarcation with Hungary, the issue could be “taken into consideration” again. And that area was once also sought by Pašić at the Peace Conference in Paris in 1919. At the time, Pašić did not have sufficient support from the Croats Trumbić and Smodlaka, who were only focused on demarcation with Italy, on the Adriatic Sea.
What does the Commission propose next?
The counties of Batina and Darda, taken together, have a relative majority of Croats out of the Slovene minorities. During the war, with the development of the uprising itself, this section was separated into two parts so that the northern part, immediately north and west of Vukovar, together with the villages of Bogdanovci, Marinci, Cerić and factory settlements and the village of Borovo, belonged to Croatia. The southern part of the county, together with the villages from the Vinkovac county – Mirkovci, Novi Jankovići, Slakovci, Orolik, Komletinci, Nijemci, Dolje, Novo Selo, Pograde, belonged to Vojvodina. It is characteristic that today there are two sections of Vukovar – one in Croatia and the other in Vojvodina, of which the one in Croatia with a relative Serbian majority, the one in Vojvodina with a relative Croat majority. If you look at the entire area from Vinkovci to Šid, then it represents a strip of Croatian population, with a relatively small number of Serbs… That is why the commission believes that in this area the border should also be east of the mentioned Croatian strip, i.e. between Šid and Vukovar – the villages that have already been mentioned.
And, WHAT WILL happen to the Iloka section?
Although the western villages of Šarengrad and Ljuba, as well as the town of Ilok, have a huge majority of Croats, and the eastern villages of Neštin, Susek, Banaštor and others, a huge Serbian majority, the commission considered that this section should not be split in two, but left in Vojvodina . This proposal was easily defended, because the county, taken as a whole, had a Serbian majority. It was also said that Ilok is a city and a port on the Danube and its annexation to Croatia would hinder its development. The commission states that in the current situation, the accession of Ilok and its surroundings to Croatia could “cause certain difficulties”, so we can talk about joining Croatia only when “opportunities are arranged” there. It is not said what kind of occasions we are talking about.
The report on the delimitation of Croatia and Vojvodina was made, it was emphasized, in two copies: one was submitted to the Presidency of AVNOJ, and the other was handed over to the president of the commission for safekeeping. Where did the idea come from to entrust such an important document to a personal archive?
In the ARCHIVES, there are no minutes from the session of the Presidency, the Assembly, so it is not even known whether the report and proposal of the Đilas Commission was discussed. It is likely that everything was clear to the participants, because four days before theirs, a session of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the KPJ was held. And how did that session go?
Present: Tito (Josip Broz), Bevc (Edvard Kardelj), Marko (Aleksandar Ranković), Đido (Milovan Đilas), Crni (Sreten Žujović), Moša (Pijade), Andrija (Hebrang), Tempo (Svetozar Vukmanović), Mihailo ( Blagoje Nešković), Miha (Marinko) and Krsto (Popivoda).
Agenda: Đidin’s report on the demarcation of Croatia and Vojvodina; Titov’s report; Use Tempov and Miscellaneous. In the minutes of the meeting, the following was entered: Comrade Đida’s report and the Commission’s proposal to carry out a TEMPORARY demarcation between Croatia and Vojvodina are approved.
It is hard to assume that no one had anything to say, not even Hebrang. Would it be better if the recorder fell asleep? And what were the reactions to this temporary measure?
The BIGGEST astonishment, as incredible, was only the demarcation on the ground – the Ilok section was annexed to Croatia!
Who could and dared to change Đido’s proposal and the decisions of the two highest bodies – party and state? Only Tito? And it’s not!
The state archives in Zagreb claim that a referendum was held and that the people decided so!
How did Jovan Veselinov react, who before demarcation was categorical: Vukovar is ours!
At the same time, the Croats, especially Hebrang, retaliated even more fiercely: If Vukovar is not ours – “then war”!
SORRY ON BOTH sides, dissatisfaction that had to be concealed, because both loud whispering and friendly criticism were risky. The Croats reproached the Vojvodina Serbs for not “playing fair”, that they received the northern belt of Bačka, which, if there was “justice”, had to belong to Croatia. That’s why it would be correct if they made concessions to the Croats when dividing Srem?
Đida’s border is still in TEMPORARY status.
There was a story circulating that still survives, that only Tito had the map with the republican-provincial borders and kept it secret. Hence the belief that the Đilas commission was not the author of the drawn demarcation line, that it just crossed it out from Tito’s map?
Đilas published a book – “Friendship with Tito” – ten years after his death. There he did not mention the existence of any secret map and order that he was supposed to carry out. It is to be assumed that Đilas would not last without pronouncing his judgment on the matter.
The doubt remained. Đilas did not speak out, although the first armed conflict broke out on the Croatian-Serbian border that he had drawn in 1991, when the war that the Croats had announced back in 1945 took place because of Vukovar.
One hot potato from that time has not yet cooled down.
ALL Slavs, that is, Serbs, of the Catholic faith were then declared Croats by decree. And they weren’t. The people of Bunjevci especially emphasized their uniqueness. They claimed that they made up 43 percent of the population of Subotica alone. The politicians extinguished that feeling in Bunjevci, explaining it as follows: the splitting of the Croatian community in Vojvodina cannot be allowed.
The people of Bunjevci were left to cherish their uniqueness in secret, to advertise themselves through song and dance.
They admitted that their “branch is small”, but also that it is “nice”.
Bunjevci still sing, but they are no longer “nice”. They asked the courts to cancel the military-political decree from 1945 and to recognize them – the right to special status. The state of Serbia provided them with that, but…
CROATIANS ARE NOT ASHAMED OF ANYTHING
The LUCKY people, who suffered a lot in the war, could not forgive what the Ustashas did to them during the war years. Crimes were committed against them and they expected the Croatian communists to at least be ashamed. And at the time when they suffered the most in Srem, Jovan Dučić (1871-1943), far away, in the USA, wrote that Croats are the bravest people in the world – they “are not ashamed of anything!”. And there really was room for shame and repentance. The Ustaše in Srem exterminated everything that was Serbian. On this occasion, we only mention the fate of Sava Šumanović: Why and how did they take the life of a painful, great painter?
Croats are wicked. They claim that the state is “knowingly” splitting their community, reducing their numbers, and thus their political influence, through Bunjevac.
TOMORROW – FOR THE LEADERSHIP OF THE PARTY, SREM WAS IN CROATIA
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