AFTER the departure and death of Rifat Burdžević, Voja Leković (1912–1998) became the main party and military figure. He was sent from Zlatar to these parts as an instructor of the KPJ and managed to organize the fight during all the years of the war.
As soon as Serbia and Montenegro were liberated, the question of the status of Sandžak came to the agenda. Already on February 24, 1945, a meeting of the Presidency of AVNOJ was scheduled, which was led by the president himself, Ivan Ribar. The second item on the agenda of the session was – Sandžak.
The floor was given to Moša Pijade. Moša, uncle Janko, was the main writer and proposer of all important documents of importance for the new state, from laws to its constitution. What did Moša say then? Why did Sandžak “have to be” a special unit during the war, he asked himself and immediately answered: “It was done for “special political and military reasons!”.
if those reasons no longer exist, there is no need for that unit to survive, he concluded, at the same time acknowledging the local people and comrades for their contribution in the fight against the occupier and the Quislings.
MOŠA also proposed a new solution for Sandžak. Basically, it read: the regions that gravitate towards Serbia to join it, that is, the others – to Montenegro. Who gravitates to whom was important, but the border between Serbia and Montenegro, established in 1912, was taken as the basic dividing line.
“Are there any questions or is Comrade Moše’s proposal accepted”, asked the chairman. There is. “I am sorry, comrades, that I have to say that I do not agree with this proposal,” Marko Vujačić, a Montenegrin member of the AVNOJ Presidency, spoke first. Vujacic was a pre-war civil politician, but he sided with the communists early on and “reserved the right” to criticize the proposals of important comrades, and even to disagree with them.
Vujacic had his own proposal: that Sandžak as a whole, as well as Kosovo and Metohija, should be annexed to Montenegro. Why? Well, she “gave the most victims”, in this superhuman and heroic struggle, this our smallest federal unit “deserved” to expand and thus become economically stronger. Sandžak and Montenegro are the closest to each other, for centuries they shared evil and good.
COMRADE Marko incited the spirits… Like Comrade Vujačić, “one cannot speak like this”, the then influential Sreten Žujović was the first to react. He pointed out that the political situation is ripe for a solution and supports the proposal of Comrade Moše. He cited this example for the absurdity of Vujačić’s advocacy: how to connect Novi Pazar to Cetinje when the Ibarska Valley, a natural exit to Raška, is ten kilometers away?
I, comrades, am first interested in “what is the mood of the people”, how they think and want to resolve the future status of Sandžak, Rodoljub Čolaković intervened, who, it was said, did the most for BiH to acquire the status of a federal unit, and not just a province in composition of Serbia. The reasons for abolishing Sandžak as an independent unit are stronger than for it to remain, declared another Serb, Sreten Vukosavljević.
Now, comrades, the most important thing there is to “convince people” of the justification of our proposal, was the opinion of the fierce Croat Hebrang. I think that a ‘proper solution’ has been found and that the people will “certainly be in the mood” for that solution, was the thinking of Rada Pribićević, the son of the famous Svetozar Pribićević, a politician from Croatia, at the time of the SHS Kingdom.
Comrades talked, and then Comrade Edvard Kardelj also spoke. Those present, and not only them, knew very well what Comrade Bevc (Kardelj) was saying, that Comrade Stari (Tito) meant it.
THE USTASH ARMY DOES NOT SURRENDER
World War II was OVER. The world celebrated. The dragon called fascism, the darkest ideology of the human race, has been defeated. With a record number of victims, the axis was broken – Italy (the first), Germany and Japan (the last) capitulated, and with them all the state creations that they produced ended up in the garbage dump. Part of the Ustasha army survived the longest, refusing to surrender.
“…I have to respond to Comrade Vujačić and explain some things to him… Sandžak, as a province, cannot continue to exist, because there are no longer any political, economic, or ethnic reasons for it… That is clear! “.
WHAT more to discuss? And in Sandžak itself? Dissatisfaction, hidden, was expressed by the comrades who burned for four years. With the shutdown of the province, they were left without a corresponding reward expressed in functions. Despite this regret, they decided: “At its session, held on March 29, 1945, the Anti-Fascist Council of the People’s Liberation of Sandžak made a decision that resolved the position of Sandžak in such a way that the counties of Priboj, Milesev, Zlatar, Sjenica, Dežev and Štavički belongs to federal Serbia, and the regions of Bjelopolje and Pljevlja to federal Montenegro, as well as that the Anti-Fascist Council of the People’s Liberation of Sandžak be dissolved.”
And what were the reactions of the people? The majority of Serbs and Montenegrins rejoiced. The Muslims, supporters of Acif-effendi, did not advertise their despair; it was important to survive, and silence was a basic condition for that. It was important that the whole of Sandžak did not belong to Montenegro, because there were whispers among the Muslims: woe betide us, the Montenegrins will “slaughter us all”!
In the CEREMONY May parade of winners, after the capitulation of Hitler’s Germany, the Republic of Croatia also marched. Wasn’t that a mistake?
Well, wasn’t the NDH a fascist creation, a wartime state that rested on genocidal laws, had camps modeled on those in Germany. Didn’t her army fight against the allies and resist them for seven days after the capitulation of Germany…?
And a brief reminder: On April 6, 1941, all world agencies reported that Germany, by bombing Belgrade, had declared war on Yugoslavia and that its troops, without much resistance, were marching…
The welcome of German tanks in Zagreb with flowers shocked the free world
German tanks entered the capital of Croatia, Zagreb, showered with flowers, which shocked the free world. “… One day this will give them a headache,” said the American consul in Zagreb in his first reaction, as reported by the agencies. In return, after three days, the Germans magnify the Croatian celebration: on April 10, the Independent State of Croatia was proclaimed, for the Serbs the ominous NDH.
At the end of 1942, the US intelligence service submitted a report on the effect of that state and other creations on the territory of Yugoslavia: 744,000 Serbs were killed. Germans killed – 78,000, Italians – 20,000, Hungarians – 30,000, Albanians – 10,000, Bulgarians – 6,000, Croats – 600,000…
This vision and prophecy reached the American president Franklin Roosevelt (1882–1945). Roosevelt, preparing for the Tehran conference of the three great powers, also spoke with Anthony Idna, the British foreign minister. Chroniclers recorded that he also said this: “…Serbia can be established by itself, but the Croats must be put under guardianship!”.
Wasn’t May 9, 1945 the day that many Croats got “headaches” from those fresh flowers in Zagreb? Isn’t it time to appoint a guardian for them?
TOMORROW: THE SERBS BELIEVED THAT THE USTAŠTE WAS DESTROYED
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