After the Second World War, after all, as after the First, the CROATs were the surviving tribal brothers – the Serbs. It was known that the surviving Serbs in Croatia took up arms and embraced the forests, that a partisan movement led by the communists grew out of their anti-Ustasta movement and was recognized as an alliance by the victorious powers and recognized Yugoslavia within the pre-war borders.
And Croats, for the sake of truth, had their anti-Ustasha and anti-fascists, wonderful individuals among communists and democrats. They had Tito, Bakarić, Blažević, father and sons Ribar, Nazor, the legendary Goran Kovačić… When Italy capitulated and when the winner was clear, many Croats joined the victory movement in Yugoslavia.
In the name of life and two great ideas – Yugoslavianism and socialism – the surviving Serbs forgave the Croats for all their sins, even those that were unforgivable. Bakarić, the first president of the Croatian communist government, said that, as a sign of eternal gratitude, Croatia would “chain with gold” Kordun, Banija and Lika. And when the Serbs there were offered to have the state restore their ruined and destroyed churches, as well as other cultural and religious monuments, they replied: “Let me, thank you!”. A great task awaits them, they said: the fundamental reconstruction of Croatia.
BLIND Serbs and their even more short-sighted leaders, believed that the Ustaše was destroyed and would never be resurrected; that Yugoslavia is an ideal country where he will live happily with his other brothers. Because they were blind, it’s not a pity, but they convinced the Croats as well. When they were mocked in public, the Serbs perceived it as a reaction of the opposite reflex.
In the Banovina Croatia, proclaimed in 1939, there were 25 percent of the Serbian population; in the republic of Croatia, for which they sacrificed so passionately, 15 percent remained. In the end, they reached the camp, uprooted with the sod.
The Serbs also came to their senses.
Ali, the doll!
It remains to be remembered and reminded.
And this is how the powerful Zagreb bishop Alojzije Stepinac (1898–1960) declared (1941) during the stormy events about the closeness of Serbs and Croats. He wrote in his diary that they are like the “South and North Pole” that even the Lord “cannot bring closer”.
How much time did Stepinac deserve?
IT SEEMS that these two peoples (“of two fathers and one mother”) were more tolerant of each other, respected each other more. For this statement, if the extreme Ante Starčević is ignored, the advocacy of Franjo Rački (1828-1894) can also be used. He was a man of the Catholic Church for whom even politics did not give him peace. When the Principality of Serbia proclaimed its policy, aimed at Bosnia, which also coincided with the interests of the Croats, Rački appeased them. He wrote in “Prozor” that the interests of Croats and Serbs are common and – “what is beneficial to one cannot be detrimental to the other”. He told the Serbs:
“…Here is the cold water of the Drina. God bless you with the flags that you would carry over it…”.
Even in the war, the Croatian communists behaved as if by their determination and struggle they had rehabilitated all Croats and the crimes committed, including those returning from BiH, Srem, Stalingrad…
They showed this during the demarcation, to whom we return.
“There was a proposal that Dalmatia should be either a separate region or even a republic. I must say that this proposal, according to today’s conditions, is reactionary and does not correspond to legal relations. We do not establish a federation on any other basis, but on the basis of nationality. Can anyone say that the Dalmatians are something different from the rest of the Croats? There is no doubt that there are special differences in all our countries, that the people of Užice, for example, differ from Nišli in many things, but in terms of nationality there is no doubt that they are Serbs, as Dalmatians are Croats as well as other Croats. If we gave autonomy to Dalmatia, we would split the Croatian nation as a whole, we would prevent its smooth development”.
THIS is how Milovan Đilas responded to all those who spoke in the parliamentary debate on the first Constitution of the FNRJ in 1945, and explained the proposal that Dalmatia acquire its independence, which it has had since its existence.
We see that the internal demarcations in the restored Yugoslavia, with the communists, could not have been done without this, at that time, wonderful Montenegrin. It’s hard to say who cooked everything, but it’s easy to prove that Đilas added sprinkles, according to Broz’s taste.
In its demarcation, Croatia, after Vojvodina, moved to the field with Slovenia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The border between Croatia and Slovenia, in the area of the municipality of Štrigova, lasted for several years. What made it so complicated?
This municipality really had a tumultuous past: it was for a long time Hungarian, then Yugoslav, Slovenian, then Hungarian again… And in the inter-republic delimitation, it found itself in the center of attention. A mixed commission had to be called to help. The commission decided that the surrounding villages should belong to Slovenia, and the municipal seat itself to Croatia. The terrain and the people did not accept that border. When the Croats brought their militia and their teachers, fierce protests by the locals followed, and they also had support from Slovenia, especially from Maribor.
SLOVENIANS, who during the war years were terrorized by the Hungarians, but also by the Germans, as opposed to the Croats, did not surrender easily. A new commission was formed at a higher level. She made the same decision, and Slovenians started even more radical protests. They also filed a complaint with the Federal Control Commission, complaining about the border line and the brutal actions of the Croatian militia towards their champions. The commission formed its own commission, which included two respected friends, Lepa Perović and Vida Tomšič, as well as Pavle Gregorić.
The troika went to the field, counted all the houses and proposed a temporary solution. More was allocated to Croatia, but with the addition: to form a new commission, because in the meantime a dispute broke out in the areas of Karlovac and Črnomelj counties.
Two guys close to Tito, two Ivans, Krajačić and Maček, also interfered in the Croatian-Slovenian demarcation. Even they failed to calm the heated passions. The demarcation of Croatia and Slovenia was only completed in 1956 with the help of the Federal Assembly, by whose decision several places from the Pula region were annexed to Slovenia.
These two now independent states have long heated their mutual relations because of the borders; there was a little bit left for the weapon to speak. They argued on land, but even more so at sea. Thanks to the involvement of the European Union, the problem was overcome.
The demarcation of Croatia with Bosnia and Herzegovina dragged on for a long time, but not as tensely as with the Slovenes. The places of the Bihać, Drvar and Travnica sections were disputed, and on the other side, the root section. After all, Croatia increased its territory. It is not known who, where and when decided that Bosnia and Herzegovina would have access to the Adriatic Sea near Neum. It was only six kilometers of coastline, but Croatia was cut off by that. Croatia didn’t complain to anyone about that?
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